A rare form of personality disorder which has been given some media attention lately is NPD or Narcissistic Personality Disorder. This is the only personality disorder which has got nothing to do with genetics, in fact this is a learn behavior and a learned personality disorder which start in the early teens. Teens with NPD begin to have grandiose fantasies and grand views of themselves. Approximately 1% of the total population suffers from Narcissistic Personality Disorder, most of which are male.
Teens with NPD have a grand image of themselves and an exaggerated feeling of self importance. They usually never consider other people’s feelings and they always seek attention wanting to be in the center of everything. Now most people will confuse narcissism with NPD, but there is a difference.
Well it is not anything unusual for teens to act selfish or show some signs of narcissism. In fact most psychologists consider a person with a dose of narcissism to be a perfect example of mental health. But the difference between a narcissist and a person with Narcissistic Personality Disorder is the fact that narcissist don’t rely on others to maintain their self confidence and self esteem, and they also don’t have fantasies like teens with NPD.
Teens with NPD have problems realize their skills on a real level, they overestimate their capabilities. They think that they have a right to special treatment from everyone, and when that doesn’t happen they can go to an angry or even violent form when they surround themselves with hatred towards people not giving them enough credit.
In order to recognize a teen NPD pattern here are some warning signs to look for:
- Grandiose fantasies about their success, appearance or capabilities
- Always expecting to be treated in a special way
- Exaggerate their skills and their achievements
- Tend to exploit people around them
- They are in constant need of being praised
- Don’t think much about other people’s feelings
- Tend to be arrogant
Since Narcissistic Personality Disorder is a learned type of disorder here are some factors that usually contribute to the development of NPD.
- Parents overindulging their children
- Parents give too much praise where it is not needed
- Emotional abuse in early childhood
- Sensitive behavior from early childhood
- Unreliable care from parents and unpredictable behavior of parents
Treatment of Teen Narcissistic Personality Disorder is very difficult as the teen has an unstable mental state. Most teens with NPD will be in denial of the need for the treatment and they will pose themselves in an aggressive stance against the therapist. Medication treatment is only used if there are other personality disorders involved or if the teen is in sever depression or shows signs of anxiety.